1. World Bicycle Day: 3 June
In April 2018, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 3 June as International World Bicycle Day.
- The resolution for World Bicycle Day recognizes the uniqueness, longevity, and versatility of the bicycle, which has been in use for two centuries, and that it is a simple, affordable, reliable, clean and environmentally fit sustainable means of transportation.
- 2019 will be the second year when it will be celebrated after the UN General Assembly declared it in 2018 to acknowledge the uniqueness, longevity and the importance of the bicycle which is a simple, affordable, reliable and an environmentally friendly mode of transportation.
The day aims to promote the use of bicycles as a means of fostering sustainable development, strengthening education, including physical education, for children and young people, promoting health and tolerance, preventing disease, mutual understanding and respect, facilitating social inclusion and a culture of peace.
World Bicycle Day in India
In India, Vice President of India Venkaiah Naidu had flagged off a cycling rally in Connaught Place in Delhi on the occasion of World Bicycle Day. It was also celebrated by cyclists in many other cities like Bengaluru and Mumbai.
2. SpiceJet’s Chairman and MD Ajay Singh was elected to the board of IATA
SpiceJet’s Chairman and Managing Director Ajay Singh was elected to the board of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), less than three months after the airline joined the global grouping.
Founder and former chairman of the now grounded Jet Airways Naresh Goyal, who was associated with the IATA for a long time, was a member on the previous board.
Board of IATA
The new board of the global airlines’ grouping would be chaired by Lufthansa Group Chief Executive Officer Carsten Spohr, who took charge after the conclusion of the IATA annual general meeting at Seoul, South Korea.
- Spohr will be the Chairman of the IATA Board of Governors (BoG) for a one-year term. Other board members include Air Canada President and CEO Calin Rovinescu, Qantas CEO Alan Joyce and Qatar Airways CEO Akbar Al Baker.
- In March, SpiceJet became the first Indian low-cost carrier to take membership of the IATA, a grouping of around 290 airlines.
International Air Transport Association (IATA):
- Formed on: 19 April 1945
- Headquarters: Quebec, Canada
- DG and CEO: Alexandre de Juniac
- Membership: 290 airlines in 120 countries
IATA is a trade association of the world’s airlines. IATA provides consulting and training services in many areas.
3. GDP Growth slips to 5.8 % in Q4 in 2018 – 19: Central Statistics Office (CSO)
The Central Statistics Office (CSO), the rate of gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the January-March quarter of 2018-19 decreased to 5.8% as compared to the forecast of 6.5%.
- The economic growth rate for the full 2018-19 financial year stood at a 5-year low of 6.8% when compared with 7.1%.
- The main reason behind the slip is the slowdown in the country’s key sectors like agriculture, industry, and manufacturing in the past nine months.
- India’s fiscal deficit in full 2018-19 stood at 3.4% of GDP.
- The revised target is around Rs 24.1 trillion.
- The Gross value added (GVA) growth for FYI 9 came was at .6%.
- The sectors which registered growth GDP rate of over 7% in FYI 9 are public administration, defence and other services (8.6 per cent), construction (8.7 per cent), financial, real estate and professional services (7.4 percent), electricity, gas, water supply & other utility services (7 per cent).
About the Central Statistics Office
- Formed: May 2, 1951
- Jurisdiction: Government of India
- Headquarters: New Delhi, India
- Minister responsible: DV Sadananda Gowda, Minister of Statistics and Programme Implementation
4. Prime Minister Narendra Modi hikes National Defence Fund scholarship assistance
Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved changes to the Prime Minister’s Scholarship Scheme forwards of deceased defense personnel under the National Defence Fund.
- The quota of new scholarships for children of state police officials will be 500 in a year.
- The rates of scholarship have also been increased from Rs. 2000 per month to Rs. 2500 per month for boys and from Rs. 2250 per month to Rs. 3000 per month for girls.
- Under the scheme, every year new scholarships are given for 5500 wards of armed forces controlled by the Ministry of Defence, for 2000 wards of paramilitary forces controlled by the Ministry of Home Affairs and for 150 wards of forces controlled by Ministry of Railways.
5. India lost its spot as the worlds fastest growing economy to China
India lost the world’s fastest-growing economy title to China.
In the January-March quarter, India registered 6.3% whereas China recorded a growth of 6.4% in the March Quarter.
- India had been ahead of China for two years.
- The country’s economic growth rate of India slowed to 5.8% during the fourth quarter of 2018-19 due to low agriculture and mining output along with subdued consumer demand.
- India’s economic growth driven by domestic consumption.
- According to the government data, India’s economy has grown at its slowest pace in almost five years.
- Indian economy grew by 6.8% in the last financial year, with the GDP growing at 5.8% from the quarter of January-March.
- The unemployment in the country reached a 45-year-high in the financial year 2017-2018.
- Capital: Beijing
- Currency: Renminbi
- Vice President: Wang Qishan
6. India, US, Japan, and Australia supports ASEAN led architecture mechanism
India, US, Japan, and Australia came together to support ASEAN-led architecture mechanism for a rule-based order to promote the free, open, prosperous and inclusive indo-pacific region in a meeting held at Bangkok, Thailand. The meeting at Bangkok is to counter China’s military expansion into the Indo-pacific region.
The Quad Countries:
Senior officials of the four countries also highlighted their efforts to maintain universal respect for international law and freedom of navigation and overflight in the region.
- They affirmed their strong support for ASEAN centrality and ASEAN-led regional architecture including the Indian Ocean Rim Association and Pacific Islands Forum.
- They underscored their intent to continue close coordination and collaboration in support of sustainable, private sector-led development, maritime security, and good governance.
- The Quad coalition also discussed initiatives undertaken by each country to encourage transparent, principles-based investment in quality infrastructure in accordance with international standards and leverage the potential of the private sector.
China’s military expansion:
- China has been trying to expand its military presence in the Indo-Pacific, which is a biogeographic region, comprising the Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean, including the South China Sea.
- China claims almost all of the South China Sea. Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Taiwan have counterclaims over the sea.
ASEAN is an association of the 10 countries which include – Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar. India, US, Japan and Australia, and several other countries are it’s dialogue partners.
- ASEAN – Association of Southeast Asian Nations:
- Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia
- Secretary general: Lim Jock Hoi
- Motto: one vision, one identity, one community
7. Liverpool wins UEFA Champions League Trophy
Liverpool FC has crowned the Champions League champions as it defeated Tottenham Hotspurs 2-0 in the finals.
- As a result of this win, the club won its sixth champions league title and the first Champions League win since 2005.
- Earlier, the Liverpool FC finished at the second place in the Premier League standings with 97 points.
- Manchester City won the Premier League title by just one point as they had a total of 98 points.
8. Indian juniors won 5 gold, 3 silver medals Under-20 Eurasian Athletics Championship:
The Under-20 Eurasian Athletics Championships held at Almaty, Kazakhstan, India team won 5 gold and 3 silver medals
- National teams from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, India, and Tajikistan participated in a 2-day event held on May 29-30, 2019.
- Sreekiran bagged the boys’ 800m gold with a time of 1:54.62
- Rohit Yadav added the fifth gold medal to India’s tally finishing on top in the boys’ javelin throw by clearing a distance of 74.55m.
The list of gold and silver are:
List of Gold Medal Winners –
- Gurvinder Singh 100m – Boys – 10.42 seconds
- Vikrant Panchal 400m –Boys – 47.90 seconds
- Florence Barla 400m – Girls – 54.73 seconds
- Sreekiran 800m – Boys – 1:54.62 seconds
- Rohit Yadav Javelin Throw – 74.55 minutes
- Abdul Razak, Priscilla Daniel – 4* 100m Mixed Relay Florence Barla, Vikrant Panchal 3:30.58s
Silver Medal Winners
- Abdul Razak – 400m
- Priscilla Daniel – 800m
- Sahil Silwal – Javelin Throw
About Eurasian Athletics Championships
- Organizer: European Athletics Association.
- First held in 1934 in Turin, Italy every 4 years.
- Since 2010, it is organized every 2 years
About European Athletics Association:
- Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland
- President: Svein Arne Hansen
- Founded: November 1, 1969
9. Punjab and Haryana High Court has accorded the status of legal person or entity to animals
The Punjab and Haryana High Court has accorded the status of legal person or entity to animals, granting them the “corresponding rights, duties, and liabilities of a living person”. The Bench also provided guidelines for the accord.
- It has a fixed load to be carried by animals and banned their deployment for pulling vehicles in extreme cold and heat conditions.
- The use of spike sticks, harness or yoke with spikes, knobs, projections and other sharp instruments were also banned in Haryana, to begin with, for avoiding bruises, swelling, abrasions and severe pain to them.
- To avoid inconvenience to animals the court directed the police to ensure that carts driven by animals were given the “right of way”.
- Their use was also limited to nine hours a day in the aggregate, and not more than five hours without a break.
- It also owners to put fluorescent reflectors in the front and back of their carts and the animals shall also be covered with stripes of fluorescent reflectors for their identification at night.
10. Anton Aditya Subowo re-elected as President of Badminton Asia
Indonesia’s Anton Aditya Subowo re-elected as President of Badminton Asia for another four year period.
- There were around seven people who were selected as the vice-presidents.
- India’s Badminton Asia’s president Himanta Biswa Sarma .
- Around 40 countries were voted for the posts of President, Vice President, and Secretary-General.
About Badminton Asia:
- 2019 Badminton Asia Mixed Team Championships officially crowned the best mixed national badminton teams in Asia.
- Around 11 teams lacking two teams from the previous edition entered the tournament.
- Headquarters: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- President: Anton Aditya Subowo
11. Phosum Khimhun sworn-in as Pro-tem speaker of Arunachal Legislative Assembly
MLA Phosum Khimhun has been sworn-in as the Pro-tem speaker of the 7th Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
- Governor Dr. BD Mishra administered the oath to Phosum Khimhun in an official ceremony at Raj Bhawan in Itanagar.
- Mr. Khimhun will perform the duties of the office of the Pro-tem Speaker in the house until another Speaker is chosen by the Assembly.
- The operative person on the chair of the speaker of the Lok Sabha on State Legislative Assemblies, temporarily holding the post is called the Pro-tem speaker.
12. ONGC became Indias most profitable public sector company
Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), India’s top oil and gas producer, has toppled Indian Oil Corp (IOC) to regain the crown of being the country’s most profitable public sector company.
- Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) reported a 34% jump in its 2018- 19 fiscal net profit to Rs.26,716 crore.
- Whereas, IOC registered a net profit of Rs.17.274 crore for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019.
- ONGC, in the previous two financial years, had lost the most profitable PSU tag to IOC. With its refining margins under pressure due to falling oil prices, IOC had also lost the title of being India’s largest company by turnover tag to billionaire Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries in FY19.
- Reliance has been India’s most profitable company for the fourth year in a row.
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
- Founded on: 14 August 1956
- Headquarters: New Delhi, India
- Chairman & MD: Shashi Shankar
- Owner: Government Of India
- ONGC is an Indian multinational oil and gas company.
It is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the administrative control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
It produces around 70% of India’s crude oil and around 62% of natural gas.
13. India has 20 health workers per 10,000 people NSSO study data
National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) data showed that India has 20.6 health workers per 10,000 people.
It is less than the World Health Organization’s (WHO)minimum overreach of 22.8 per 10,000 people.
Distribution of health workers:
- Rural areas with 71 % of India’s population have only 36% of health workers.
- It is uneven between the urban and rural areas.
- Delhi highest concentration of health workers followed by Kerala, Punjab, and Haryana.
Public and private sector:
The study has further notified that there is an uneven distribution of health workforce seen in public and health sector.
- Formation: 7 April 1948
- Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
- Parent organization: United Nations Economic and Social Council
- WHO: World Health Organization is a member of the United Nations Development Group
- Founded on: 1950
- Headquarters: Delhi