1. World Animal Day is observed on 4 October
Every year, World Animal Day is celebrated on 4 October. This day is to raise awareness about the conservation of animals all over the world. On that day, the feast of animal patron saint Francis of Assisi is also celebrated.
World Animal Day is dedicated to spreading awareness and improving the welfare standards of animals around the world. It also aims to educate the world and to have a full relationship for their welfare.
The day was first organized by Heinrich Zimmermann at Sports Palace in Berlin, Germany, on 24th March 1925. More than 5,000 people attended the first event. Initially, it was scheduled for 4th October to align with Saint Francis of Assisi feast day. In 1929, World Animal Day was celebrated for the first time on 4th October.
2. Roger Binny appointed as KSCA president
Former India cricketer Roger Binny and his team swept the Karnataka State Cricket Association (KSCA) election. It was outgoing KSCA supremo Brijesh Patel swept the polls and he thus retains control of the association. BCCI politics is known to be a close ally of former BCCI president N Srinivasan.
- Roger Binny elected as the president while J Abhiram became the vice-president. Santosh Menon and Shavir Tarapore were elected as secretary and joint secretary, Vinay Mruthyunjaya, who was elected Treasurer.
- He defeated Captain MM Harish, while Abhiram won against former journalist Joseph Hoover. Santosh Menon and Mruthyunjaya defeated Raghuram and BN Madhukar respectively. Tarapore won against Preet Hegde.
3. Indian Railway launched Sarbat Da Bhala Express
Indian Railways has unveiled the Sarbat-Da-Bhala Express on the occasion of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The train was flagged off by Minister of Railways and Commerce & Industry, Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister for Food Processing Industries, Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal and Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, .
The new train will serve the Sikh pilgrims visiting Sultanpur Lodhi on 550th Birthday of Guru Nanak ji. It will present connectivity from New Delhi to Sultanpur Lodhi.
4. India Economic Summit was held in New Delhi
On 4 October 2019, the India Economic Summit of the World Economic Forum (WEF) was held in New Delhi. The Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina and Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal were present in the summit.
During the summit, two Government to Business (G2B) MoUs were signed between Startup Bangladesh and Tech Mahindra and Bangladesh Economic Zones Authority and Adani Ports and SEZs. Over the last decade, bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh has grown steadily over the last decade. India’s exports to Bangladesh for the financial year 2018-19 (April-March) stood at $9.21 billion and imports from Bangladesh for the same period stood at $1.22 billion.
5. Amrit Lugun appointed as the next Ambassador of India to Greece
Amrit Lugun has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to Greece by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). Lugun will be taking up the assignment shortly.
Amrit Lugun is a 1989-batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer. Previously he served as the country’s ambassador to Sudan and Yemen respectively.
- President: Prokopis Pavlopoulos
- Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis
- Capital: Athens
- Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
- Official and national language: Greek
6. Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter detected charged particles and its intensity variations on Moon
Chandrayaan 2’s Orbiter payload, in its first few days of observation, detected charged particles, and its intensity variations, the Indian Space Research Organisation
- The CLASS instrument on Chandrayaan-2 is designed to detect direct signatures of elements present in the lunar soil.
- The Sun emits a continuous outflowing stream of electrons and protons into the solar system, called the solar wind. The solar wind plasma which has charged particles embedded in the extended magnetic field of the Sun, moves at speeds of a few hundred km per second.
7. Shanti Raghavan, Dipesh Sutariya has won Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award
Shanti Raghavan and Dipesh Sutariya of EnAble India awarded the 10th Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award, 2019, for building an ecosystem of skilling, employment, and entrepreneurship for persons with disabilities (PwDs).
- EnAble India changed the mindset of 729 business houses and built frameworks of inclusion in universities and government agencies, thus creating a robust business case for employing PwDs in formal and informal sectors across India.
- The non-profit organization is bringing changes to the lives of PwDs through technology innovations, breakthroughs in skill trainings, new workplace solutions and behavioural change tools.
8. Exercise KAZIND 2019 is being held at Pithoragarh
Exercise KAZIND-2019, a joint military exercise, between India and Kazakhstan is being held in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand. The 12-day exercise was inaugurated by Brig SK Mandal, Commander of the Ill Independent Infantry Brigade. It will conclude on 15 October 2019.
The objective of the exercise is to conduct company-level joint training with emphasis on counter-terrorism operations in the hilly areas. The exercise focuses on counter-terrorism operations in the hilly areas.
In that exercise, around 60 soldiers from both Indian and Kazakhstan are participating during the exercise to practice counter-terrorism operations. It is an annual exercise between the two armies.
9. Katarina Johnson got Heptathlon gold at the World Championships
Katarina Johnson-Thompson has achieved Heptathlon gold at the World Championships 2019 in Doha, Qatar. She has won with a British record of 6,981 points. She beat 2017 champion Nafissatou Thiam by 304 points. Austria’s Verena Preiner took third.
2019 World Athletics Championships:
- Edition: 17th
- Venue: Khalifa International Stadium, Doha, Qatar
- Dates: 27 September-6 October
- Events: 49 (24 men, 24 women, 1 mixed)
- Organized by: IAAF, Qatar Athletics Federation
- Individual prize money (US$): 60,000 (gold), 30,000 (silver), 20,000 (bronze)
- Team prize money (US$): 80,000 (relay gold), 40,000 (silver), 20,000 (bronze)
10. Scientists made the strongest silver ever made
Scientists from the University of Vermont have created the strongest silver ever made. The new metal that the team invented is 42% stronger than the previous world record. A complex technique has been used to create strong metal.
A new mechanism at the nanoscale level was used to make metals that are much storage than anything ever made before.
The stronger metals still maintain their electrical conductivity. But when it is made stronger with the mixture of alloy, the metal loses conductivity.
- The defects of the silver have undesirable qualities like brittleness or softening.
- The team mixed a trace amount of copper into the silver and transformed the two types of inherent nanoscale defects into a powerful internal structure. The team with the introduction of a new technique maintained both the strength of the metal and maintain conductivity.