1. Facebook banned conspiracy theorists
Facebook banned prominent conspiracy theorists, including Infowars founder Alex Jones and the controversial black activist Louis Farrakhan, in its latest push to crack down on hate content at the leading social network.
- Facebook always banned individuals or organisations that promote or engage in violence and hate, regardless of ideology. Among the most prominent figures banned, Mr.Farrakhan, the head of the Nation of Islam, is notorious for spreading anti-Semitic and black supremacist views.
Far-right conspiracy theorist Jones is best known for calling the 9/11 attacks an inside job and for describing the Sandy Hook school massacre as a hoax. Mr.Jones’s organisation Infowars was also banned by Facebook.
- Others blocked from Facebook and Instagram were Milo Yiannopoulos, a high-profile right-wing provocateur; Paul Nehlen, a political candidate espousing white supremacist views; and conspiracy theorists Paul Joseph Watson and Laura Loomer. Facebook said those being banned had violated policies against dangerous individuals and organisations.
2. RBI imposed penalty on 5 pre paid payment instrument issuers and Yes Bank
The Reserve Bank of India imposed a monetary penalty on five pre-paid payment instrument issuers including Vodafone m-pesa and Phonepe, for violating regulatory guidelines.
- A penalty of Rs. 3.05 crore has been imposed on Vodafone m-pesa and Rs. 1 crore each on Mobile Payments, PhonePe and G.I. Technology Private Ltd. Also, a penalty of Rs. 5 lakh has been imposed on Y-Cash Software Solutions.
- RBI said it had imposed a penalty of Rs. 29.67 lakh on Western Union Financial Services Inc., USA., and Rs. 10.12 lakh on MoneyGram Payment Systems Inc, USA, for non-compliance of regulatory guidelines. The penalties on Western Union and MoneyGram had been imposed by the central bank under the provisions of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007, for compounding of the contravention.
RBI penalizes Yes Bank:
- RBI also imposed a penalty of Rs.11.25 lakh on Yes Bank, a private sector lender, for violation of norms pertaining to issuance and operations of Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs).
- RBI has identified certain violations of RBI circular on issuance and operation of Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs) in connection with certain product features of an open-loop prepaid card previously issued by the bank. Yes bank had launched this product as a pilot program from September 13, 2017, and had later discontinued this product with effect from March 14, 2018.
3. International Firefighters Day is observed on 4th May
International Firefighters’ Day (IFFD) is observed on 4th May of every year. It was instituted after a proposal was emailed out across the world on January 4, 1999, due to the deaths of five firefighters in tragic circumstances in a bushfire in Australia.
- May 4 used to be a traditional Firefighters’ Day in many European countries because it is the day of Saint Florian, patron saint of firefighters.
- Fire prevention and the need for more intensive and thorough training is one of the main aspects of International Fire Fighters Day. Firefighters and their agencies around the world are constantly stressing fire prevention: in schools, to the community, at public events, at assemblies and even to their own families. The safest way to keep firefighters alive and home to their families is training. This ideal is one that International Fire Fighters Day stresses.
One of the most significant symbols of International Fire Fighters Day is the red and blue ribbon. This ribbon is cut precisely five centimeters long and one centimeter wide, with the two separate colors conjoined at the top. The red and blue were chosen because the red stood for the element of fire whereas the blue would represent the element of water. Coincidentally, red and blue are also the colors recognized worldwide to signify emergency services; therefore, red and blue being the best choice of color to recognize an international day.
4. Coal Miners Day is observed on 4th May every year
Coal Miners Day is observed on 4th May every year to highlight the toughest profession and the people working in coal mines. On this day several organisations, communities raises funds and awareness for other organisations in the coal mining area and workers.
This day show appreciation for the sacrifices, honour the accomplishments and remember the tragedies that these hardworking individuals experience.
- Coal Miners became increasingly important during the Industrial revolution (between 1760 and 1840) when coal was burnt on a large scale to fuel stationary and locomotive engines and heat buildings. Owing to coal’s strategic role as a primary fuel, coal miners have figured strongly in labour and political movements since that time.
- After the late 19th century coal miners in many countries were a frequent presence in industrial disputes with both the management and government. Coal miners’ politics, while complex, have occasionally been radical, with a frequent leaning towards far-left political views. A number of far-left political movements have had the support of both coal miners themselves and their trade unions, particularly in Great Britain. In France, on the other hand, coal miners have been much more conservative.
- In India coal mining began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Healthy of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar River. Further, the introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 boosted demand and production of coal increases.
- In India, coal-rich regions are Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and some central and southern parts of the country.
- Mainly miners spend their days tunneling, digging and extracting coal from the mines. It is known that more than half of India’s commercial energy needs are fulfilled by coal. It is the main fuel for generating power, making steel and cement.
5. HealthKart to raise 173 cr from Belgium’s Advent Management
Gurugram-based health and fitness products platform HealthKart is raising about ₹173 crore from Belgium-based Advent Management, Entrackr revealed. It has raised around ₹346 crore worth preference and equity capital since July last year.
Healthkart was founded by Prashant Tandon and Sameer Maheshwari in 2011 after raising $1 million from Kae Capital and Sequoia Capital.
About Health Kart
- Owner: Bright Lifecare Pvt. Ltd
- Founder: Prashant Tandon, Sameer Maheshwari
- Headquarters: Gurgaon, Haryana, India
6. India slips to fifth spot in latest ICC T20I rankings
The world body governing cricket, ICC unveiled an expanded men’s Twenty 20 International team rankings with 80 teams.
- India with 260 points have dropped three places to fifth in the latest list. The ICC T20 World Cup champions of 2009, Pakistan have consolidated their top position with 286 points.
- The next three teams are South Africa (262), England (261) and Australia (261).
- The launch of expanded ICC T20 team rankings coincides with the annual rankings in which series results from 2015-16 are removed and outcomes from 2016-17 and 2017-18 are weighted at 50 per cent.
About International Cricket Council ICC
- Formation: 15 June 1909; 109 years ago
- Type: Federation of national associations
- Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Membership: 105 members
7. ISRO planning to send a probe to study sun early next year
Indian Space Research Organization is planning to send a probe to study the sun early next year.
- ISRO chairman Dr. K Sivan currently scientists are exploring possibilities to study more about Sun and the probe named Aditya-L1 will be sent to observe the solar corona, the outer layers of the Sun.
- The satellite would be ed in a halo orbit around the L1 (Lagrangian point 1) of the Sun-Earth system so that it has the advantage of continuously viewing the Sun without any occultation or eclipses.
- The L1 is 1.5 million kms from t the mission to send Indian astronauts to space by 2022 is well on stream.
- The provided by ISRO, officials were able to forecast the landfall area and this helped in taking precautionary measures in advance.
- Headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
- Administrator: Dr K. Sivan, Secretary (Space) and chairperson
- Primary spaceport: Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota (SHAR), Andhra Pradesh, India
- Parent organisation: Department of Space, Government of India
8. World Laughter Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of May of every year
World Laughter Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of May of every year. The first celebration was on May 10, 1998, in Mumbai, India. The celebration of World Laughter Day was meant to be a positive manifestation for world peace and to build up a global consciousness of brotherhood and friendship through laughter and run-on sentences. Its popularity has grown exponentially with that of the Laughter Yoga movement, which is now counting over 6000 Laughter Clubs worldwide on all 5 continents.
- World Laughter Day was created in 1998 by Dr. Madan Kataria, founder of the worldwide Laughter Yoga movement. Laughter Yoga movement in part by the facial feedback hypothesis, which postulates that a person’s facial expressions can have an effect on their emotions.
- World Laughter Day is now celebrated in every year in most large cities around the world. Hundreds of people gather worldwide on that day to laugh together.
The first World Laughter Day gathering took place in Mumbai, India, on 11th of January 1998. 12,000 members from local and international Laughter Clubs joined together in a mega laughter session. HAPPY-DEMIC was the first World Laughter Day gathering outside India. It took place on 9th January 2000, in Copenhagen, Denmark and more than 10,000 people gathered in the Town Hall Square . The event went into the Guinness Book of World records.
9. World Press Freedom Prize 2019 awarded to Myanmar Journalists
The World Press Freedom Prize also known as UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2019 is formally conferred every year by Director-General of UNESCO, on occasion of World Press Freedom Day observed on 3 May.
- In 2019 award would be shared by two jailed Myanmar journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo who reported on alleged human rights violations in the state of Rakhine, Myanmar.
- The Reuters reporters are serving a seven-year prison sentence in Myanmar. They are charged with breaking the country’s secrets law for their journalistic investigation on the military’s brutal crackdown and killings of Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine state.
The award recognizes their exceptional courage in reporting on alleged human rights violations in the Myanmar’s state of Rakhine. Both Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo’s documentary on the taboo topic regarding crimes committed against Rohingyas landed them behind the bars. The award paid a tribute to their courage, resistance and commitment to freedom of expression.
UNESCO/Guillermo Cano Press Freedom Prize:
- The award was established in 1997. The Prize is named after Guillermo Cano Isaza, the Colombian journalist who was assassinated in front of the offices of his newspaper El Espectador in Bogota, Colombia, on 17 December 1986.
- It is an initiative of UNESCO’s Executive Board. It honours a person, organization that has made an outstanding contribution to the defence and, or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world in the face of danger.
10. Ex-ISRO chief AS Kiran Kumar received France’s highest civilian award
Former ISRO chairman AS Kiran Kumar was conferred with France’s highest civilian award ‘Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur’ for his contribution to India-France space cooperation.
About AS Kiran Kumar:
- He served as the ISRO chief from 2015 to 2018 and was awarded the Padma Shri in 2014.
- He has contributed to projects like India’s first experimental remote sensing satellite, Bhaskara-1, launched in 1979 and even Chandrayaan-1 and Mangalyaan.
About Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur:
Created in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte, the Ordre national de la Lgion d’Honneur (National Order of the Legion of Honour) is the highest civilian award given by the French for outstanding service to France, regardless of the nationality of the recipient.
The President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the Ordre national de la Lgion d’Honneur.
- President: Emmanuel Macron
- Prime minister: Edouard Philippe
- Capital: Paris
- Currencies: Euro, CFP franc
11. Huawei overtook Apple to become Worlds 2nd largest smartphone maker
The Chinese electronics giant Huawei has surpassed Apple to become the No. 2 smartphone vendor worldwide, according to statistics from the International Data Corp. (IDC).
- South Korean consumer electronics giant Samsung continues to top the list with 20.9% market share.
- Huawei was the only smartphone maker in the top three that saw an increase in shipments in the first quarter of 2019.
- The company saw year-over-year growth of 50.3% in the first quarter and claimed 19% of the worldwide market share.
- Apple holds 11.7% of the worldwide market share as of the first quarter of 2019, while Huawei now claims 19%.
- Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi sits on the fourth position in the list.
- The fifth position is captured by another Chinese smartphone maker – Oppo.
12. Nileena M S won the ACJ Award for Investigative Journalism
The article titled ‘Coalgate 2.0’authored by Nileena M S and published in The Caravan magazine in March 2018 has won the ACJ Award for Investigative Journalism, 2018. The award, which comprises a trophy, a citation, and Rs. 2,00,000 cash prize. It was presented to the winner by John Micklethwait, Editor-in-Chief of Bloomberg News,who was the chief guest at the journalism school’s annual convocation ceremony.
On 3rd May, the final jury comprising Gopalkrishna Gandhi, Nilita Vachani and Dr. A R Venkatachalapathy unanimously decided on Nileena’s work as the winner. The article is has been recognized for its detailed, exhaustive and persuasive investigation and its clear exposition. It also met the criteria of what comprises a solid work of investigative journalism, combining extensive research uncovering new evidence to reveal a truth, hitherto unknown to most, and of essential public interest.
Other stories that were considered as final nominations and have been awarded special mentions by the jury are:
- The Chronicle of Crime Fiction That is Adityanath’s Encounter Raj authored by Neha Dixit and published by The Wire
- The Death of Judge Loya written by Nikita Saxena for The Caravan magazine
Coalgate 2.0 investigates the allotment of captive coal blocks in Chhattisgarh to the Rajasthan. Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam in a joint venture with a subsidiary of the Adani Group despite a landmark Supreme Court judgement from September 2014. The court had cancelled permissions for captive mining of coal blocks and was considered to have put a halt on the Coalgate scam.
13. PC Chandra Puraskaar 2019 conferred to Padma Bhushan Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty
India’s most reputed cardiac surgeon and humanitarian, Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty were awarded 27th P.C.
- Chandra Puraskaar the annual national award from the P.C. Chandra Group at Biswa Bangla Convention Centre.
- General Secretary of Ramakrishna Mission, Belur math,
- Swami Suviranandaji Maharaj graced the occasion as the Chief Guest and gave away the award.
- He is also known as ‘The Man with Divine Hands’.
About P.C. Chandra Puraskaar:
- This award ceremony was introduced in 1993 as a tribute to late Shri Purna Chandra.
- The award has recognized people from various field and paths of life achieving great success in their respective fields.
About Ramakrishna Mission:
- Founder: Swami Vivekananda
- Founded: 1897
- Headquarters: Belur Math, West Bengal, India
- Purposes: Education, Philanthropy, Religious studies, Spirituality
14. King Maha Vajiralongkorn was crowned as the Thai King
King Maha Vajiralongkorn was crowned as the Thai King. The three-day coronation, which started on 4th May, is the first since Vajiralongkorn’s adored and revered father was crowned in 1950. He was carried by soldiers on a gilded palanquin through the streets of Bangkok 5th May, in front of crowds who craned to witness the historic event.
- The King, Rama X of the Chakri dynasty, wore a bejeweled robe and broad-brimmed hat with a feather on the second of three days of pageantry and royal splendour. The seven-km procession brings the public into close proximity with the monarch for the first time, two years after he ascended the throne in an increasingly assertive reign.
- It started at around 5 p.m. (1000 GMT) at the grand palace in Bangkok’s old quarter as trumpets blared, soldiers shouted commands and cannons fired a 21-gun salute. Early on 5th May, the king bestowed royal titles on family members who crawled to his throne in a striking show of deference to the monarch, who was joined by his new Queen Suthida.
- Vajiralongkorn is the King of Thailand since 2016. He is the only son of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. In 1972, at the age of 20, he was made crown prince by his father. After his father’s death on 13 October 2016, he was expected to accede to the throne of Thailand but asked for time to mourn before taking the throne.
- He accepted the throne on the night of 1 December 2016. His father was cremated on 26 October 2017. His coronation took place from 4–6 May 2019. The Thai government retroactively declared his reign to have begun on 13 October 2016, upon his father’s death. As the tenth monarch of the Chakri dynasty, he is also styled as Rama X. Aged 64 at that time, Vajiralongkorn became the oldest Thai monarch to ascend to the throne.
Shahid Afridi, former captain of the ‘Pakistan national cricket team’ wrote his autobiography titled, ‘Game Changer’ will unveil answers to the much-contemplated questions about him.
- Afridi is popularly known as ‘Boom Boom’ and holds the world record for the fastest ODI (One Day International) century in 37 deliveries.
- He also holds the distinction of having hit the most number of sixes in the history of ODI cricket.
- The book has been co-authored by Afridi and journalist Wajahat S Khan.
- Game Changer’, among the other revelations, unveils the fact as to how the cricketer’s hobby of swinging the bat eventually turned out to become his career.
About Shahid Afridi
- Born: 1975
- Born in: Khyber Agency, Pakistan
- ODI debut: 2 October 1996 v Kenya
- Last ODI: 20 March 2015 v Australia
- Test debut: 22 October 1998 v Australia
- T20I debut: 28 August 2006 v England
16. Myntra appointed Virat Kohli, Anushka Sharma as first brand ambassadors
Flipkart-owned fashion e-commerce platform Myntra appointed Virat Kohli and Anushka Sharma as its first ever official brand ambassadors.
- Myntra launched an integrated campaign called ‘Go Myntra-lala’ to promote the brand. Advertising agency McCann Worldgroup from Bengaluru has created the television campaign.
- Anushka Sharma is a Bollywood actress and Virat Kohli is a famous cricket player. The couple has worked as brand ambassadors together for brands including Head and Shoulders and Manyavar.
- Parent organization: Flipkart
- Founded: 2007
- Headquarters location: Bengaluru
- Founders: Mukesh Bansal, Vineet Saxena, Ashutosh Lawania
17. Archery Association of India named Sunil Sharma as acting president to start with the polling procedure
Archery Association of India (AAI)named Sunil Sharma, its senior vice president (also VP of Jammu and Kashmir Archery Association) in accordance with Article 24 of AAI Constitution (as approved by the Supreme Court on 4th December, 2017) as its acting president to start the election process. Sunil Sharma was preceded by BVP Rao.
- Thereafter, Sunil Sharma headed the Executive Committee meeting.
- The Supreme Court had declared the elections conducted in December 2018 by the AAI as ‘null and void‘. They were monitored by S Y Quraishi, administrator appointed by the high-court.
- It was notified by the Executive Committee that the acting president shall (according to Article 17 of the constitution) appoint the returning officer to conduct elections of AAI office bearers.
18. Saurav Ghosal & Joshna Chinappa Win Asian Individual Squash Championship Titles
Ace Indian squash players Saurav Ghosal and Joshna Chinappa won their respective Asian Individual Squash Championship titles in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
- Saurav Ghosal defeated Leo Au Chun Ming of Hong Kong.
- Joshna Chinappa, on the other hand retained her title as she beat top seed Annie Au of Hong Kong in the women’s final event
19. Justice PR Ramachandra Menonwas sworn in as CJ of the Chhattisgarh HC
Justice PR Ramachandra Menon was sworn in as Chief Justice of the Chhattisgarh High Court on 6th May. Governor Anandiben Patel administered him the oath of office and secrecy at a function at Raj Bhawan.
The office the Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh fell vacant after the resignation of Chief Justice Ajay Kumar Tripathi following his appointment as Judicial Member in the Lokpal.
Justice PR Ramachandra Menon:
- Initially, he was sworn-in as Additional Judge of High Court of Kerala on January 5, 2009. On December 15, 2010, he was appointed as permanent Judge of the High Court of Kerala and has been functioning there since his elevation.
- Menon’s name was recommended for the position of Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court by Supreme Court Collegium on April 8, 2019, following which, he was appointed for the said position by President Ram Nath Kovind.
- Capital: Raipur
- Governor: Anandiben Patel
- Chief Minister: Bhupesh Baghel
- Official language: Hindi
- Districts: 27
20. Dragan Mihailovic Appointed As Coach Of Indian Volleyball Team
The Volleyball Federation of India appointed Serbian Dragan Mihailovic as head coach of the men’s national team in a move linked to the long term goal of Olympic Games qualification.
- Mihailovic has more than 25 years of experience as a coach.
- The VFI also announced the appointment of Przemyslaw Soszynski and Vladimir Radosevic as the team’s physio trainer and physiotherapist respectively.
About Volleyball Federation of India
- President: S Vasudevan
- Founded: 1951
- Sport: Volleyball
- Affiliation: Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB)
- Abbreviation: VFI
- Headquarters: Bengaluru
21. G D Robert Govender honoured with V K Krishna Menon Award
Indian –origin journalist G D ‘Robert’ Govender conferred with V K Krishna Menon Award 2019 in UK for his contribution as a pioneer of decolonised journalism.
- The award is given to mark the 123rd birth anniversary of V K Krishna Menon, Indian diplomat and politician.
- He is the first person who has been awarded the V K Krishna Menon posthumously.
- He died in the UK in 2016.
- Govender had written many books in the field of journalism but his one of the outstanding work was “The Martyrdom of Patrice Lumumba” which had exposed the role of western intelligence agencies in the murder of the Congolese independence leader.