1. Purple Frog to be named as Kerala’s state amphibian
Purple Frog is to be named as Kerala’s state amphibian. The species is endemic to the Western Ghats. The title would help in protecting species fragile habitat. The proposal for was mooted by Kerala’s leading Herpetologists, a specialist in the study of reptiles and amphibians.
It is believed that the species should be rightly called a living fossil as it’s evolutionary roots suggest it could have shared space with dinosaurs going back almost 70 million years ago.
About the Purple Frog:
- The purple frog is a frog species belonging to the family Sooglossidae. Its scientific name is Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis. It can be found in the Western Ghats in India.
- The taxon was recognized by its tadpole and has been described in 1918. But the adult frog was formally described in October 2003.
- For almost its entire life it lives in underground tunnels and comes out to surface for only a single day in a year to breed. The tadpoles that emerge out of the eggs look identical to sucker fish and are found clinging onto rocks and boulders alongside these seasonal, fast-flowing streams where they feed on algae. They are known to spend up to 120 days in the open before they metamorphose into frogs and make their journey into subterranean soil where they will live almost permanently.
As per the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), their conservation status is endangered.
2. The 15th Finance Commission is to meet RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das
The 15th Finance Commission is to meet RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das and representatives of banks and financial institutions during its two-day visit to Mumbai beginning May 8, 2019.
- The commission, chaired by N K Singh, will discuss issues concerning macro-economics, financial stability, cost of borrowing of the Centre and states with the RBI, market-driven borrowing cost and debt trajectories of states.
- The commission will also discuss the issues concerning recapitalization of banks, possible scenarios of the Bimal Jalan committee report on surplus capital available with the RBI for transfer to the government, RBI’s own assessment of the dividends and surpluses that can be transferred to the government.
- The meeting is slated be attended by officials of State Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra, Central Bank of India, Union Bank of India, Axis Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IndusInd Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Yes Bank, IDFC First Bank, and IDBI Bank.
3. Laurentino Cortizo has been elected as the President of Panama
Panama’s Electoral Courtdeclared Laurentino Cortizo as the winner of Panama’s presidential election. He will replace Juan Carlos Varela. Mr.Cortizo finished 2% points ahead of Romulo Roux.
- Cortizo is a candidate for Panama’s Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD). The party won 33% of 95% of votes counted. The PRD was founded in 1979 by military ruler Omar Torrijos and has been out of power since 2009.
- Mr. Cortizo is a 66-Year-old cattleman who was educated in the US. He has earlier served as country’s minister of agriculture and also held roles at regional Organisation of American States, and worked in construction and livestock sectors.
- His presidential campaign focused on combating inequality and corruption, rising unemployment, Panama’s education system, state of water utilities and rubbish collection in the capital, Panama City and slowing economic growth in this Central America trade and financial hub.
4. World Red Cross Day is observed on 08th May
World Red Cross Day (also known as Red Crescent Day) is observed every year on May 8.
The 2019 theme is, ‘#Love’.
- The day is also the birthday of Henry Dunant, who had generated the Red Cross Committee of the International (ICRI) in 1863 in Switzerland, Geneva.
- He was born in May 8, 1828 and was also the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
About Red Cross
- Founded: 5 October 1854
- Founders: Henry Dunant, Gustave Moynier, Théodore Maunoir, Guillaume-Henri Dufour, Louis Appia
- Focus: Humanitarianism
- Location: Geneva, Switzerland
5. Mastercard Announced $1 Billion Investment In India
Global card payments brand Mastercard announced its plan of investing $1 billion in India operations over the period of next 5 years.
- About $350 million of the total amount would be invested in setting up a local payments processing center as per the Reserve Bank of India’s mandate to store all payments data locally.
- The rest of the investment will go towards existing services and expanding capacity among others.
- Founded: 1966; 53 years ago
- Headquarters: Mastercard International Global Headquarters, Purchase, New York, U.S.
- Key people: Ajaypal Singh Banga (President and CEO)
- Richard Haythornthwaite: (Chairman)
6. FIFA announced two new award categories to promote women football globally
Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) introduced two new award categories,off Women’s goalkeeper of the year and a women’s team of the year, to promote women’s football across the globe.
- These additions means and both men and women will be up for receiving accolades in the same categories at the FIFA Best ceremony 2019 in Milan.
- The Best FIFA Football Awards 2019 ceremony will take place on 23 September 2019 at Teatro alla Scala, Milan, Italy.
- Awards will be given out in 11 categories:The Best FIFA Men’s Player,The Best FIFA Women’s Player,The Best FIFA Men’s Coach,The Best FIFA Women’s Coach,The Best FIFA Men’s Goalkeeper,The Best FIFA Women’s Goalkeeper,FIFA Pro Men’s World 11,FIFA Pro Women’s World 11,The FIFA Puskas Award,The FIFA Fair Play Award,The FIFA Fan Award.
7. Rakesh Sharma, Bajaj Auto Executive Director elected as IMMA Vice-President
Rakesh Sharma, Bajaj Auto Executive Director and also a representative of SIAM (Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers) elected as VP (Vice President) of IMMA, International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (based in Geneva) during the annual general meeting of (IMMA) at Yogyakarta in Indonesia.
- Rakesh Sharma has a wide range of experience in 2 and 3-wheeler industry and he is expected to efficiently direct IMMA towards being the trusted motorcycle manufacturers worldwide.
- IMMA’s president is Johannes Loman.
8. Indias Jagjit Pavadia re-elected to the International Narcotics Control Board(INCB)
Jagjit Pavadia, an Indian re-elected by the UN Economic and Social Council to a five year term on International Narcotics Control Board with the highest number of votes of 44 in the 54 member council.
- She will begin her term on March 2, next year.
- She was elected to the INCB for her first five year term in 2014. She has also served as the First Vice-President of the Board in 2016 and Chair of the Standing Committee on Estimates in 2015 and 2017.
About International Narcotics Control Board
- Established: 1968
- President: Viroj Sumyai
9. Sujatha V Kumar appointed as Head of Marketing for India and South Asia for Visa
Visa, the global leader in digital payments technology, announced the appointment of Sujatha V Kumar as Head of Marketing for India and South Asia.
- Her roles will be as the overall marketing strategy and execution including consumer, retail and digital marketing initiatives for India and the emerging markets of Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal and Maldives
- Prior to this, she worked with Google as Head in Brand & Reputation, Marketing and Strategy.
- She has 20 years of experience and extensive knowledge of consumer insights, brand development, go-to-market approaches, category management, retail strategy and promotions.
- She started her career at Procter & Gamble and later on gathered rich experience in sales and marketing across companies such as Gillette, Nokia, The Royal Bank of Scotland and Coca-Cola.
- Sujatha is a graduate in Psychology and holds an MBA in Marketing.
10. Tiger Woods was awarded the USs Presidential Medal of Freedom
US President Donald Trump awarded golfer Tiger Woods the US’s Presidential Medal of Freedom, the country’s highest civilian honour. The award described the 43-year-old as a true legend who transformed golf and then fought through years of injury to return to the sport’s summit. He was awarded after his fifth Masters’ title. He became the fourth and youngest golfer to receive the prestigious award after other golfers Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, and Charlie Sifford.
Trump has given the award to several athletes in 2018 including former professional NFL players Roger Staubach and Alan Page, Miriam Adelson as well as posthumously to baseball great Babe Ruth.
Presidential Medal of Freedom
- It was first established by President Truman to honour extraordinary civilian accomplishments related to World War II.
Later, in 1963 the medal was re-established by President Kennedy by an executive order.
- It is awarded by U.S. President to any person, living or dead (i.e. posthumously).
- The Presidential Medal of Freedom is awarded annually to people who have made outstanding contributions to the security or national interests of the country, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavours.
About Tiger Woods
- Eldrick Tont Woods, nicknamed as Tiger, is an USA’s professional golf player.
- He ranks second in both major championships and PGA (Professional Golfers’ Association of America)
- He holds numerous records in golf and is considered one of the greatest golfers of all time.
11. World Thalassaemia Day was observed on 8th May
8th May is observed as World Thalassaemia Day globally every year. The theme for 2019 was Universal access to quality thalassaemia healthcare services: Building bridges with and for the patient.
- The day is observed to raise awareness about thalassaemia, its prevention, and measures to avoid its transmission among people throughout the world.
- It is observed in honour of all patients suffering and fighting from thalassaemia and also all scientists working hard to provide improved quality of life to people suffering with it.
Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production.
Since it is an inheritable disease so cannot be prevented completely however, it can be lessened through the prenatal tests which helps in the early detection and cure before the childbirth.
There are two main types
- Alpha thalassemia
- Beta thalassemia
- Symptoms depend on the type and can vary from none to severe.Often there is mild to severe anemia (low red blood cells).
- There may also be bone problems, an enlarged spleen, yellowish skin, and dark urine.
- Slow growth may occur in children.
- Treatments include blood transfusions, iron chelation, and folic acid.
- Around 3.4% of the people are a carrier of the thalassemia and around 7000 to 10,000 children are born with thalassemia per year in India.
- It can be of any type such as alpha thalassemia, beta thalassemia, delta thalassemia and combination of other hemoglobinopathies (hemoglobin C, D, E, and S).
12. Two Indians were honoured by UN for their sacrifice in the line of duty
About 115 peacekeepers from 43 different nations, who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty were paid tribute by UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres along with other top UN officials and Peacekeeping personnel.
- Among those honoured by the global organisation were two Indians named Jitender Kumar and Shikha Garg. They lost their lives in peace keeping services between January 2018 and March 2019.
- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, President of the General Assembly Maria Fernanda Espinosa, President of the Security Council, Indonesian Ambassador to the UN Dian Triansyah Djani and Under-Secretary-General for Operational Support Atul Khare along with top UN officials and Peacekeeping personnel paid tribute to those who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty at the solemn ceremony.
13. Esha and Akull won silver in the International Shooting Competition
India’s Esha Singh and Akull Kumar won silver in junior mixed air pistol event in theInternational Shooting Competition at Hannover, Germany. They secured 5.4 points and defeated by the German pair of Jan Luca Karstedt and Vanessa Seeger.
Esha shot 385 out of 400 in qualification, as compared to the 370 by Akull. It was the second mixed medal for Esha, after the one she won recently with Anmol Jain in Plzen, Czech Republic.
Aditya Malra qualified in the third place in junior men’s air pistol with a score of 568, but shot below par in the final and placed eighth.
50m free pistol:
- Sander Nooij (Ned) 548
- Pontus Rinaldo (Swe) 542
- Vladimir Issachenko (Kaz) 542
50m rifle prone:
- Henrik Grimsrud Larsen (Nor) 629.1
- Yuriy Yurkov (Kaz) 627.7
- Julio Iemma (Ven) 625.7
10m air pistol:
- Kiril Kirov (Bul) 239.1 (564)
- Yaroslav Makhnyov (Kaz) 237.2 (563)
- Jan Luca Karstedt (Ger) 216.7 (575)
Mixed air pistol juniors:
- Jan Luca Karstedt, Vanessa Seeger (Ger) 469.2 (747)
- Esha Singh, Akull Kumar, (Ind) 463.8 (755)
- Irina Loktionova, Eldar Imankulov (Kaz) 393.1 (746)