1. 11th July is observed as World Population Day
World Population Day is commemorated yearly on 11 July.
- The day was placed by the governing council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
- The day is meant to concentrate attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.
2. ICSI launched UDIN to improve corporate governance
The Institute of Company Secretaries of India has rolled out leadership in the form of a Unique Document Identification Number (UDIN) in an attempt to pursue a heightened sense of self-governance and strengthen the practicing side of company secretaries.
- UDIN will yield ease of maintaining a register of attestation and certification services.
- The initiative will also enable stakeholders and regulators to verify the genuinity of documents signed or certified by company secretaries in practice.
3. Defense Ministry signs MoU with IPFC and NRDC
An MoU signed between Intellectual Property Facilitation Cell (IPFC), Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence and National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), Ministry of Science and Technology.
- The MoU was signed with a vision to bridge the capacity shortfall and provide a major fillip to the ongoing efforts of Ministry of Defence towards promoting a culture of Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights IPR in Indian Defence industry.
- The move will be a boost to the Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti.
- It may be recalled that Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti was launched with the aim to inculcate IP culture in Indian defense manufacturing ecosystem.
4. Arun Kumar elected as the head of Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)
Arun Kumar is appointed as the head of the aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on 9 July. He is currently the additional secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
- His appointment was approved by the PM led-Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. Department of Personnel and Training issued the order of the appointment.
- He will replace B S Bhullar, DGCA Chief. Bhullar was holding the office since 2016.
Mr. Kumar is an IAS officer of 1989 batch of Haryana cadre. Mr.Arun was heading the DGCA as an additional charge between 31 May and 9 July 2019.
The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulator of civil aviation. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It functions under the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The body investigates aviation accidents and incidents.
5. Vihaan Networks signed a pact with Vietnam to develop digital villages
Telecom equipment and solutions provider Vihaan Networks Ltd (VNL) has inked a pact with Vietnam to offer solutions for advancing rural connectivity by developing digital villages in Vietnam.
Embassy of Vietnam has identified 150 remote villages, spread over six provinces to roll out mobile and broadband services in the first phase of its Digital Village programme, in partnership with VN.
6. Indias first elephant rehabilitation center will be fixed up at Kerala’s Kottoor
India’s first elephant rehabilitation center will be set up by the Kerala State Government
- It is in its ecotourism village of Kottoor.Rs.105 crore.
- The project is launched by Chief Minister of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan.
- At present, the center has only 15 elephants
- It will be increased once work has been completed.
- The center will have an elephant museum, mahout training center, super-specialty hospital, a retirement home and crematorium for the animals, will house orphaned, injured and older elephants.
- The center spread over 65 hectares of natural forests start an elephant safari and other activities to attract tourists.
7. Northeast Frontier Railways’ (NFR) PLAN BEE got the Best Innovation Award on 9 July
The Northeast Frontier Railways’ (NFR) PLAN BEE won the Best Innovation Award on 9 July. It has adopted a unique strategy to keep wild elephants away from train tracks.
In the forest area of Assam, elephants would often come in the way of speeding trains and die as a large portion of rail tracks passing through forested areas. In a bid to tackle the problem NFR came up with ‘Plan Bee’ in 2017.
The project aims to save the lives of the elephants by installing devices at several level crossings in the state to play the sound of buzzing honey bees to drive away from the pachyderms. Studies suggest elephants are scared of swarming bees.
Despite the 29 earmarked wildlife corridors, where trains slow down and drivers restrict speed as a norm, elephants have often ventured into train tracks beyond the corridors.
Trials were managed successfully. Equipment was designed to generate the amplified sound of honey bees from a distance of about 700-800 m.
With the first apparatus installed at level crossing gate between Azara and Kamakhya stations under Rangiya division. It has been claimed that the strategy has been helpful in diverting herds of elephants, especially when trains are approaching.
8. Rakhi Halder, Davinder Kaur won gold medals on the second day of the Commonwealth Weightlifting Championship
Rakhi Halder and Davinder Kaur accomplished a gold medal each in the senior women’s section on the second day of the Commonwealth Weightlifting Championship in Apia Samoa.
- India also achieved five other gold medals in the junior and youth sections.
- The Commonwealth Championships are being conducted simultaneously together for the youth, junior and senior categories.
- On the first day, India had clinched 8 gold, 3 silver and 2 bronze medals in the weightlifting championship.
9. Centre stated no foreign government or organization has any right to repeal Article 370
Parliament asked the Centre whether it will repeal Articles 370 and 35A if it seems to violate any United Nations regulation or any international obligation of the country.
Centre replied to Parliament that no foreign government or organization has any right to repeal Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir. It said so because any matter related to the Constitution of India is internal and only for the Indian Parliament to deal with. J&K is an integral part of India.
What is Article 370?
Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still describes it as a temporary provision.
Article 370 provided six special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir:
- The State is allotted to have its own Constitution.
- The Central legislative powers over the State were limited to the three subjects of defense, foreign affairs, and communications.
- Only with the concurrence of the State Government, other constitutional powers of Indian Government could be extended to the State.
- The concurrence was only provisional. The State’s Constituent Assembly should ratify the provision.
- Until the State Constituent Assembly was formed, the State Government was given authority to give concurrence. Once the State Constituent Assembly finalized the scheme of powers and dispersed, no further extension of powers was possible.
- Only if the State’s Constituent Assembly approved Article 370, it could be repealed or amended.
What is Article 35A?
Article 35A of the Indian Constitution permits the J&K state’s legislature to define permanent resident of the state. It was added to the Constitution through a situational Presidential Order, i.e., The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 which was issued by the President of India on 14 May 1954. This law exercises the powers conferred by the clause (1) of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, and with the concurrence of the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.