1. 15 January observed as Indian Army Day
On 15 January every year, Army Day is celebrated in India, in recognition of Field Marshal Kodandera M Cariappa took over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.
- The command of the Indian army was in the hands of the British General Sir Francis Butcher, at the time of Indian independence.
- Cariappa was the second person to receive the title of Field Marshal of India on 14 January 1986, the first went to Sam Manekshaw in 1973.
2. China fell from US currency manipulator list
The US Treasury Department dropped China’s designation as a currency manipulator.
- It is a gesture that aims to ease tensions with Beijing during this week’s war by signing an agreement to halt their trade war.
- In August 2019, China was labeled officially as a “currency manipulator” by the United States and also accused China of using yuan to gain “unfair competitive advantage” in trade.
3. ISRO’s to launch communication satellite GSAT-30 on Jan 17
India is ready to launch a communication satellite GSAT-30 onboard Ariane-5 launch vehicle (VA 251) from French Guiana on January 17.
- The 3,357-kg satellite is slated to blast off from the Ariane Launch Complex at Kourou, a French territory located along the northeastern coast of South America.
- GSAT-30 is to assist as a replacement to INSAT-4A spacecraft services with enhanced coverage.
- GSAT-30 is an operational communication satellite for DTH, television uplink and VSAT services w3ith a mission life of 15 years.
4. Scientist Saha appointed as IUPAC Bureau member
Bipul Behari Saha, a noted chemist is elected as a bureau member of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) for the period 2020-23.
- IUPAC, Founded 100 years ago, is the largest global organization of Chemistry professionals.
- After CNR Rao, former Director of the Indian Institute of Science and Bharat Ratna, Saha is only the second Indian to be elected (in 1979) for this prestigious position.
5. Senior IPS officer AP Maheshwari elected Director-General of CRPF
Senior IPS officer A P Maheshwari is elected as Director-General of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
- He will soon take over from ITBP Director General S. S. Deshwal was given the “additional” charge of the head of the country’s largest paramilitary force.
- Maheshwari is at present Special Secretary (Internal Security) in the Union Home Ministry is a 1984 batch IPS officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre.
6. Iranian Olympic medalist Kimia Alizadeh declares her defection
Iran’s Olympic medalist, Kimia Alizadeh announce that she is leaving the country.
- Alizadeh is the only woman from Iran to have won the Olympic medal and made history at the Rio Olympics in 2016 when she won the bronze medal for her country in Taekwondo.
7. Bhogi is celebrated in south India
Bhogi is occurring celebrated in Tamil Nadu and several other parts of southern India.
- It is marked as the last day of the month of Margazhi in the Tamil calendar.
- Redundant or unusable materials are disposed of, to welcome the auspicious Pongal festival on Bhogi day.
- Bhogi is a preface to the grand Pongal festivities.
8. Robert Abela took oath in as Malta’s new prime minister
Robert Abela, is the son of former President of Malta George Abela, was sworn in as Malta’s 14th prime minister in a ceremony at the Grand Master’s Palace in Valletta.
- The newly-elected Labour leader replaced Joseph Muscat
- Malta is an archipelago in the central Mediterranean between Sicily and the North African coast.
9. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev resigned
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has submitted his resignation to President Vladimir Putin.
- The surprise announcement came after Putin proposed constitutional amendments that would strengthen the powers of the prime minister and parliament at the expense of the presidency.
- Mr. Putin will announce Mr. Medvedev as deputy of the presidential Security Council.
- Russian President asked Medvedev’s Cabinet to keep working until the new Cabinet is formed.
10. Delhi government recommends dismissal of mercy petitions of Nirbhaya convicts
The Delhi government has recommended dismissal of the mercy petition filed by Mukesh Singh, one of the four people convicted in the Nirbhaya murder case.
- The mercy petition was filed by Mukesh Singh as the Supreme Court rejected a curative petition filed by him.
- A remedial plea is the final judicial remedy available to a person convicted by courts of law.
- If dismissed, the convicts are left with the option of seeking mercy from the president.