1. Pakistan plans to create the new South Punjab province by bifurcating Punjab
The Pakistan government plans to create the new South Punjab province by bifurcating Punjab and would move a bill in the National Assembly.
- Punjab is Pakistan’s second largest province by area after Balochistan. It is also the most populated province and politically influential.
- The South Punjab province will comprise Multan, Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan districts. The Punjab Assembly seats will be reduced to 251 from the current 371 while 120 seats have been proposed for the South Punjab Assembly in the bill.
- Certain constitutional amendments have to be passed for the formation of the new South Punjab province. The region will turn into a province when amendments to Articles 59, 51, 1, 106, 158 and 218 of the Constitution are passed.
- The word ‘South Punjab’ in the first paragraph of Article 1 will be inducted, and the territories that will be part of south Punjab have been named in the proposed bill.
2. Igor Stimac appointed as the head coach of the Indian football team
Croatian World Cupper Igor Stimac is appointed as the head coach of the Indian football team for a two-year term. The appointment was made by the All-India Football Federation’s (AIFF) executive committee.
The national team has been without a coach since the departure of Stephen Constantine in January, following the creditable show at the AFC Asian Cup.
As a coach:
Mr. Stimac comes with an experience of over 18 years in coaching, structuring, and developing football and players back home, and internationally. He was a part of Croatia’s 1998 World Cup squad that finished third in France. His last assignment was with Al-Shahania Club in Qatar.
As a player:
He was part the of the Croatia team that finished third in the 1998 World Cup, and a member of the national squad which qualified for the quarterfinals of the UEFA European Championship 1996 (Euro) in England. he was also a part of the Yugoslavia U-19 national team which won the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 1987.
3. Radioactive carbon in marine organisms have been found
Scientists have found traces of radioactive carbon in marine organisms that inhabit the Mariana Trench, the deepest spot on Earth. The radioactive carbon was released into the atmosphere from 20th-century nuclear bomb tests. Organisms at the ocean surface have incorporated the bomb carbon into the molecules that make up their bodies since the late 1950s.
- The crustaceans in deep ocean trenches are feeding on organic matter from these organisms when it falls to the ocean floor. The results also help scientists to understand how creatures have adapted to living in the nutrient-poor environment of the deep ocean.
- The studied the crustaceans live for an unexpectedly long time by having extremely slow metabolisms, which they suspect may be an adaptation to living in this impoverished and harsh environment.
How did Radioactive particles mix in the ocean?
Carbon-14 is a radioactive carbon that is created naturally when cosmic rays interact with nitrogen in the atmosphere. Carbon-14 is much less abundant than non-radioactive carbon, but scientists can detect it in nearly all living organisms and use it to determine the ages of archeological and geological samples.
- Thermonuclear weapons tests conducted during the 1950s and 1960s doubled the amount of carbon-14 in the atmosphere when neutrons released from the bombs reacted with nitrogen in the air. Levels of this bomb carbon peaked in the mid-1960s and then dropped when atmospheric nuclear tests stopped. By the 1990s, carbon-14 levels in the atmosphere had dropped to about 20% above their pre-test levels.
- This bomb carbon quickly fell out of the atmosphere and mixed into the ocean surface. Marine organisms that have lived in the decades since this time have used bomb carbon to build molecules within their cells, and scientists have seen elevated levels of carbon-14 in marine organisms since shortly after the bomb tests began.
4. Aarohi Pandit became 1st woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo in a LSA
Captain Aarohi Pandit, a 23-year-old pilot, from Mumbai became the world’s first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo in a Light Sports Aircraft (LSA) on 14th May.
- This achievement is part of her ongoing Women Empower (WE) Expedition in the tiny aircraft called Mahi. This one year-long global circumnavigation flight was launched with her friend Captain Keithair Misquitta on July 30 and both began their trip in August 2018.
- Pandit and Misquitta flew over Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, then to Pakistan, where they landed and went onto to Iran, Turkey, Serbia, Slovenia, Germany, France, and the UK. After an exhausting 3,000 km long flight she landed her tiny aircraft at Iqaluit Airport in Canada. After clocking a flight of about 37,000km she is scheduled to return home by July 30, 2019.
En route her solo journey, she has set another world record as first woman pilot to fly solo in an LSA above treacherous Greenland ice-cap. She is also due for several other records by the time she will reach India.
The Indian Navy’s first full-fledged Services Selection Board (SSB) was inaugurated by Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba at Diamond Harbour near Kolkata. This is the fifth SSB of the Indian Navy and will cater for a selection of both permanent and short service commission (SSC) officers.
- The SSB, Kolkata is spread over 27 acres on the banks of the Hooghly. It has the capacity to screen 5,000 officer-candidates annually.
- The SSB at Diamond Harbour, Kolkata will boost the induction of officers, both men, and women, into the Indian Navy. Its location will reduce the travel time and effort for candidates from Northern and North Eastern parts of the country.
The other boards of Indian Navy are located in:
- Founded on: 1612
- Supreme Commander: President Ram Nath Kovind
- Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS): Admiral Sunil Lanba
- Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS): Vice Admiral G Ashok Kumar
- Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (DCNS): Vice Admiral MS Pawar
It is a part of the Indian Armed Forces. It is responsible to safeguard the nation’s maritime borders.
6. HDFC collaborated with IMGC for a mortgage guarantee-backed home loan
HDFC Bank collaborated with IMGC (India Mortgage Guarantee Corporation) for a mortgage guarantee-backed home loan.
- Mortgage guarantee is a financial product which compensates lending institutions for the losses that may occur when a home owner defaults on a mortgage loan.
- In ‘mortgage guarantee’, the risk of the home loan gets transmuted from the bank/FIs (financial institution) to the mortgage guarantee company.
- This collaboration will help HDFC provide more loan to a home loan customer on an improved eligibility.
- The main objective of the collaboration is to address middle age-salaried customers, self employed customers and young salaried customers.
About HDFC Bank
- Industry: Banking, financial services
- Founded: August 1994
- Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
7. Sanjiv Puri appointed as New Chairman of ITC
Sanjiv Puri is appointed as the chairman of ITC.
- He became the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of ITC.
- He was appointed as a Managing Director of ITC in 2018 and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in February 2017.
About ITC Limited
- Headquarter: Kolkata
- CEO: Sanjiv Puri
- Founded: 24 August 1910
- Headquarters: Virginia House, Kolkata
8. Lewis Hamilton won Spanish Grand Prix
Lewis Hamilton celebrated the 76th win of his Formula 1 career, third victory of 2019 and fourth in Spain following victories in 2014, 2017 and 2018.
top spot of the world championship ranking with 112 points, ahead of Valtteri Bottas who is on 105 points.
Valtteri Bottas (Mercedes) stood at the second spot while Max Verstappen (Red Bull) was third.
- Capital: Madrid
- Currency: Euro
About Lewis Hamilton
- Nationality: United Kingdom
- Championships : 5 (2008, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018)
9. LIC Mutual Fund appointed Dinesh Pangtey as CEO
LIC Mutual Fund appointed Dinesh Pangtey as the company’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
He joined LIC as a direct recruit officer in 1984
- He was Director and CEO at LIC Group’s private equity division LIC HFL AMC. He also served as Regional Manager Marketing channel in Western Zone spanning the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa.
- He has more than 35 years of experience across private equity, life pension, group annuation scheme and insurance sector
About Life Insurance Corporation(LIC)
- Industry: Financial services
- Founded: 1 September 1956
- Headquarters: Mumbai, India
- Chairman: M. R. Kumar
10. World Migratory Bird Day was observed on 11th May
World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) is observed on 11th May. It was initiated in 2006. It highlights the need for the conservation of migratory birds and their habitats.
The theme for WMBD 2019 is Protect Birds:
- Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!. The day addresses the serious problem of plastic pollution and to highlight its negative effects on migratory birds.
Plastics and its dangerous nature:
- With an annual production of more than 300 million tonnes, plastic is one of the most widely used materials in the world. Lightweight and designed to last, discarded pieces of plastic are easily transported to ecosystems through the forces of nature causing serious threats to migratory species around the world.
- To make matters worse, plastic does not simply dissolve. Broken down into small particles by water, sunlight, and wind, it often leads to lethal cases of ingestion and entanglement.
Effect of plastics on Seabirds:
- The number of seabirds dying from the effects of plastic every year is currently 1 million and growing. Existing research pinpoints the urgency of the matter: In just two decades, between 1960 and 1980, the number of birds found ingesting plastic has grown from 5% to 80%.
- Plastic found inside birds includes bags, bottle caps, synthetic fibers from clothing, and tiny rice-sized bitsthat have been broken down by the sun and waves. Sharp-edged plastic kills birds by punching holes in internal organs. Some seabirds eat so much plastic, there is little room left in their gut for food, which affects their body weight, jeopardizing their health.
- A recent study found a 67% decline in seabird populations between 1950 and 2010. The highest concentration of plastic in birds can be found in populations in southern Australia, South Africa, and South America.
What to do to fight plastic pollution?
- Reduce, reuse and recycle – Limit your use of plastic materials and replace them with eco-friendly alternatives, use and dispose of plastics sustainably
- Clean up – Join clean-up activities in your area, whether at beaches or along rivers
- Spread the word – Support local and global action against plastic
11. Simon Armitage named the U.K.s new Poet Laureate
Simon Armitage has been named the U.K.’s new Poet Laureate. He succeeds Carol Ann Duffy in the 10-year post. Queen Elizabeth II has approved the appointment, Britain’s highest literary honour.
It is up to the poet to decide whether or not to produce poetry for national and royal occasions. Previous laureates have included John Dryden and William Wordsworth.
Armitage, a professor of poetry at the University of Leeds, has published 28 collections of poetry and his work is studied by British schoolchildren as part of the national curriculum.
Culture Secretary Jeremy Wright praised Armitage for his witty and profound take on modern life.
Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom:
- The British Poet Laureate is an honorary position appointed by the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently on the advice of the Prime Minister.
- It is expected that the role holder will write verse for significant national occasions.
- The origins of the laureateship date back to 1616 when a pension was provided to Ben Jonson. But the first official holder of the position was John Dryden. He was appointed in 1668 by Charles II.
12. Van Dijk won Premier League Player of the Season award
Liverpool defender Virgil van Dijk has been named Premier League Player of the Season. He became the first defender to win the Player of the Season award in seven seasons, after Manchester City’s Vincent Kompany in 2011-12.
- Founded on: 20 February 1992
- Country: England
- Current champions: Manchester City (4th title 2018-19)
It is the top level of the English football league system
Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the English Football League (EFL)