1. 16 October as World Food Day
World Food Day is commemorated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
- The day is celebrated widely by many other organizations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
- The World Food Day theme for 2014 was Family Farming: “Feeding the world, caring for the earth”; in 2015 it was “Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty”; in 2016 it is Climate Change: “Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too”, which echoes the theme of 2008, and of 2002 and 1989 before that.
2. International Day of Rural Women was observed on 15 October
International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15 October every year. The day is held under the rubric Rural Women and Girls Building Climate Resilience.
The day aims to highlight the important role played by rural women and girls in building resilience to face the climate crisis. The day will focus on ensuring the sustainability of rural households and communities and on improving the rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.
Rural women and girls suffer disproportionately from multi-dimensional poverty. Poverty rates in rural areas in most regions are higher than those in urban areas. Women farmers are less able to access land, credit, agricultural inputs, markets, and high-value agrifood chains and obtain lower prices for their crops even if they are productive and enterprising as their male counterparts.
One in three employed women works in farming and agriculture across the globe. Women in rural areas collect biomass fuels, manually process foodstuffs, and pump water, around 80% of households without piped water rely on women and girls for water collection. Rural women will be the first to be affected if the natural resources and agriculture are threatened.
3. Three Mumbai landmarks gain UNESCO Asia Pacific Award for Cultural Heritage Conservation
Keneseth Eliyahoo Synagogue at Kala Ghoda, Gloria Church in Byculla, and Flora Fountain, three-city landmarks, of Mumbai won the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation for the year 2019. The award recognized Mumbai’s heritage conservation movement under which the three city landmarks were spruced up. The awards were given at a ceremony held in Penang, Malaysia.
UNESCO Asia Pacific Award for Cultural Heritage Conservation:
- The UNESCO Asia Pacific Award for Cultural Heritage Conservation recognized the efforts of private individuals and organizations who successfully restored and conserved structures and buildings of heritage value in the region.
- The international jury of conservation experts recognized 16 projects from five countries, namely Australia, Bhutan, China, India, and New Zealand. The jury reviewed a total of 57 entries from 14 countries across the Asia-Pacific region in August 2019.
4. Complete list of 2019 Nobel Prize winners announced
The Nobel Foundation has published the complete list of winners for 2019. Fifteen eminent personalities will receive the highest honour on 10 December 2019. The winners were distinguished for their individual contributions in the fields of medicine, physics, chemistry, literature, economics, and peace. Laureates, except the peace prize winner, will receive their prize in Stockholm, Sweden. Nobel Peace Prize will be given at Oslo, Norway.
List of 2019 Nobel Prize Winners:
5. Atwood and Evaristo get the 2019 Booker Prize
Margaret Atwood and Bernardine Evaristo have been announced as the joint winners of the 2019 Booker Prize. This is the first time joint winners are announced. Atwood won for The Testaments, her sequel to The Handmaid’s Tale, and Evaristo won for her novel Girl, Woman, Other. The winners were awarded at a ceremony at London’s Guildhall on 15 October.
Margaret Atwood became the oldest winner of the Booker Prize. Her novel The Testaments became the fastest-selling hardback novel in four years on its publication in September. The book is a follow up of The Handmaid’s Tale which is set 15 years.
Evaristo became the first black woman and the first black British author to win the Booker since it began in 1969. At 79, Atwood becomes the prize’s oldest winner. The Canadian author previously won the Booker in 2000 for The Blind Assassin. She became the fourth author to have won the prize twice.
6. Justice Narayana Swamy was sworn as Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh HC
Acting Chief Justice of Karnataka High court (HC) Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy was appointed as the new Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High court.
- He took oath as the new Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh HC on 13 October. The oath office was administered by the Governor of Himachal Pradesh, Mr. Bandaru Dattatreya.
- On 28 August, the former chief justice of Himachal Pradesh V Ramasubramanian was elevated as SC judge. The Supreme Court Collegium (SCC) had recommended the name of Justice L Narayana Swamy as the new Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh.
7. Anoop Kumar appointed as the new Union Law Secretary
Anoop Kumar Mendiratta is appointed as the new Union Law Secretary. This is the first time such an appointment has been made. Anoop Kumar is currently the serving District and Sessions Judge in the North-East District, Karkardooma Courts, New Delhi.
- He will serve in the position till 30 March 2023, or until he attains the age of 60.
- Normally, the posts of Secretary for the Legal Affairs and Legislative Department are held by Indian Legal Service Officers. Since December 2018, the post of Union Law Secretary was lying vacant. Over 60 individuals, including government officers, district Judges, and legal experts had applied for the post advertised by the government.
8. AP government began YSR Rythu Bharosa PM Kisaan scheme
Andhra Pradesh State government launched YSR Rythu Bharosa-PM Kisaan, the flagship farmer assistance scheme. The scheme was launched by the AP Chief Minister YS Jagan Reddy.
YSR Rythu Bharosa-PM Kisaan:
- SR Rythu Bharosa-PM Kisaan was named after former Chief Minister YS Rajasekhara Reddy
- Under the scheme, 54 lakh farmers will get Rs.13,500 over three installments.
- Forty lakh beneficiaries who get Rs.6,000 under the PM Kisaan Samman Nidhi will get Rs.7,500 to that sum.
- The scheme has been renamed with the PM’s name included giving credit to the Central govt. as the scheme is getting funds from the Centre
- The scheme is being implemented seven months ahead of schedule
9. TCS identified as Indias most outstanding company
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been selected as the overall most outstanding company in India’s IT services sector in Asiamoney’s 2019 outstanding companies poll. Asiamoney’s various investor surveys recognized TCS as the most awarded company of the decade in India including awards like the best-managed companies award, the corporate governance poll.
Asiamoney’s outstanding companies poll has been designed to acknowledge listed companies in 12 countries in Asia. The companies that have excelled in areas such as financial performance, management team excellence, investor relation activities, and CSR initiatives will be considered. Around 800 bankers, fund managers, buy-side analysts, and research analysts participated in the 2019 poll, casting over 4,000 votes.
10. The U.S. remarks 15 October as White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day is observed on 15 October in the United States every year. The day aims to celebrate the success achieved by the blind and visually impaired people. The day stands as a reminder to show the important symbol of blindness and the tool of independence, the white cane.
On October 6, 1964, the U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution H.R. 753 and signed into law to observe 15 October to be observed as White Cane Safety Day. The institution of the day aims to educate the world about blindness and how the blind and visually impaired can live and work independently while giving back to their communities.