1. 19 August as World Humanitarian Day observed
World Humanitarian Day (WHO) is celebrated on 19 August every year. The main objective is to help workers who risk life in humanitarian crises around the world.
- The theme of 2019 WHD campaign is #WomenHumanitarians On World
- Contributed by thousands of women humanitarian aid workers, who provide life-saving assistance to those in distress in some of the world’s most dangerous places.
History of the Day
- When the UN headquarters in Baghdad was attacked by a large terrorist truck bomb, killing 22 people, including the UN’s top representative in Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello.
- The focus is to salute the efforts of female humanitarian activists around the world who rally for the needy and are often the first to respond and the last to leave.
- Around 4,500 support personnel of all genders have been killed, injured, detained or abducted while performing their work.
2. Lucknow’s iconic Hazratganj Chauraha renamed as Atal Chowk
Lucknow’s famous Hazratganj Chauraha redefined as “Atal Chowk”. It is defined in the memory of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee who was a five-time Member of Parliament (MP) from Lucknow.
- From August 16, the first death anniversary of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Hazratganj Chowk renamed after him as “Atal Chowk”.
- A memorial named “Atal Smriti Upvan” be built on his name.
- The Mayor of the city developed a draft for developing a memorial for Atal Smriti Upvan.
- They planned to erect a statue along with his 51 poems, speeches and other memorabilia. Chhattisgarh government declared to rename Naya Raipur as Atal Nagar.
- The government of Jharkhand renamed several places and colleges after Vajpayee’s name.
3. Ladakh wants a tribal status
Leaders of Ladakh have implored to the Centre to declare the region a tribal-area status under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution. The move comes as people are concerned about protecting their land, culture, and identity after the abolition of Article 370 and the declaration of Ladakh as a union territory.
The Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution grants provisions for the administration of tribal areas in four north-eastern states namely Meghalaya, Assam, Tripura, and Mizoram. The schedule covers Articles 244(2) and 275(1). It submits to the administration of tribal areas in the states after the establishment of autonomous district and regional councils.
4. Kreishh Gurbaxani achieved Bombay Gymkhana Youth Snooker 2019 Open title
Mumbai Kreishh Gurbaxani is currently at the no. 2 spots in the India junior snooker rankings.
- He acquired the 2019 Bombay Gymkhana Youth Snooker Open title.
- He beat Odisha’s Asutosh Padhy for 5-4 in the 4-hour final contest.
- He has conferred the champion’s trophy and a cheque of Rs 30,000.
- The runner up trophy and a cheque of Rs 20,000 were awarded to Asutosh Padhy.
5. World Photography Day celebrated on 19 August
World Photography Day is a yearly worldwide observance of the art, craft, science, and history of photography. World Photography Day purports about the photography event in the world.
- In the early 19th century, photography has become a steadily growing medium of personal expression and appreciation for countless people worldwide.
- The ability to capture a picture in a place; an experience; a thought; a moment in time. Photos can convey emotion faster, and sometimes more effectively than words.
- A photograph allows the viewer to see the world the way photographers do. Photos also surpass the passage of time – a picture of a hundred years ago can still be appreciated as much.
- World Photo Day arises from the invention of the Daguerreotype, a photographic process promoted by Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1837.
6. India’s participation in the World Skills International Competition is as big as the Olympics
The 48-member Indian Team describing the country at World Skills Kazan 2019 given a grand send-off at a ceremony in the capital. This is designed by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE)
Aim: To inspire the contestants as they set out to hone their skills against the best in the world. India is the sixth-largest team to participate in the competition.
- Almost 1,500 competitors from 60 countries race in 56 skill competitions at this mega event in Kazan, Russia on August 22-27. Forty-four experts and 14 interpreters are also accompanying the participants to Kazan.
- World’s biggest skill competition in Russia to battle in the true spirit of participation and make India proud on the global platform and at the same time learn from your international peers competing.
- The brand ambassador of India will be the inspiration of every Indian youth who wishes to make it big in their life.
7. Manipur Govt launched School Fagadaba scheme
N Biren Singh, CM of Manipur has launched “School Fagadaba” (Make education better) scheme.
- The main objective of the scheme is an improvement in infrastructure, quality education and overall improvement of government schools. Regular attendance of teachers, biometric devices will be established in every government school in the state. Teachers posted in these schools remain in service at the same for at least 3 years.
- The 60 Assembly supporters in the state selected under the 1st phase of the scheme.
- The state also set a spot to increase enrollment of students from 26,000 at present to around 44,000 in the next academic session.
- The additional infrastructures like a modern school campus, drinking water sufficient school furniture, outdoor gymnasium, separate toilets for boys and girls, facilities will be provided to these schools as per the Right to Education (RTE) norms.
8. Income Tax Department to adopt ‘taxpayer-friendly’ approach
The Income Tax Assessor (I-T) department determined to adopt a friendly attitude in its dealings with tax assessors after Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman called for a change in mindset among tax officials.
- The I-T Department to bridge the communication gap between tax officials and the assessees and sought a change in mindset amid allegations of “tax terrorism”.
- The I-T department is set to change its approach and adopt friendly language but not at the cost of forgoing any lapses.
- The department will use friendly language in its communications with taxpayers rather than intimidating, according to a source, amid allegations of intrusive, threatening and arbitrary behavior by the department.
- The data mining and data analytics, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) are now working on ways to ensure the department makes information such as “large-cash deposits or high-value transactions” available to taxpayers well in time for filing of tax returns. Income Tax Department to adopt ‘taxpayer-friendly’ approach
9. Hima and Anas achieved gold in the Athleticky Mitink Reiter 2019
Indian sprinters Hima Das and Mohammad Anas have won gold at the Athleticky Mitink Reiter event in the Czech Republic. They won gold in the women’s and men’s 300m category respectively. India’s Nirmal Tomclinched bronze in men’s 300m category.
Muhammed Anas measured 32.41 seconds to claim gold in the event. India’s Nirmal Tom timed 33.03 seconds.
This is her 6th gold medal this year 2019. On July 20 she secured gold in her pet 400m event at Nove Mesto in the Czech Republic.
Czech Athletics is an annual outdoor field competition. It is the National championship for sports in the Czech republic. It was endowed by Czech athletic federation.
10. Five new fish species found in Arunachal Pradesh
The Rajiv Gandhi University’s Researchers in Arunachal Pradesh have found five new fish species in various districts of the state.
- The scientific names of the newly-discovered fish species are Exostoma kottelati, found in Ranga river in Lower Subansiri district and Mystus prabini, found in Sinkin and Dibang rivers in Lower Dibang Valley district.
- Other discovered species are Creteuchiloglanis tawangensis, found in the Tawangchu river in Tawang district, Garra ranganensis, found in Ranga river and Physoschistura harkishorei, found in Dibang and Lohit rivers.